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Barbara Gordon

Publication history

Batgirl (19661988)

The Million Dollar Debut of Batgirl. Cover by Carmine Infantino & Murphy Anderson.

Editor Julius Schwartz claimed that when planning the new Batgirl’s comic book debut, he had considered the character to be a vehicle that might attract a female viewership to the Batman television series of the sixties. When producers William Dozier and Howie Horowitz saw rough concept artwork by artist Carmine Infantino during a visit to DC offices, they optioned the character in a bid to help sell a third season to the ABC television network. Actress Yvonne Craig portrayed the character in the show’s third season. When interviewed on his involvement with creating Batgirl, Infantino states-

Batgirl came up in the mid-60s. The atman TV producer called Julie and said Catwoman was a hit, could we come up with more female characters? Julie called me and asked me to do that. I came up with Batgirl, Poison Ivy and one I called the Grey Fox, which Julie didn like as much. Bob Kane had had a Bat-Girl for about three stories in the 50s but she had nothing to do with a bat. She was like a pesky girl version of Robin. I knew we could do a lot better, so Julie and I came up with the real Batgirl, who was so popular she almost got her own TV show.

Barbara Gordon and alter ego Batgirl debuted in Detective Comics #359 (cover-dated 1967, although the comic was actually released in late 1966) as the daughter of Gotham City’s Police Commissioner James Gordon. Barbara Gordon Batgirl had been preceded by an earlier Bat-Girl character, who was depicted as niece and sidekick to Batwoman. Gordon exceeded these earlier figures in popularity, and readers requested for her to appear in other titles. In an open letter to readership in Detective Comics #417 (1971), DC responded to the fan-based acclaim and criticism of the new character:

I’d like to say a few words about the reaction some readers have to Batgirl. These are readers who remember Batwoman and the other Bat-girls from years back… They were there because romance seemed to be needed in Batman’s life. But thanks to the big change and a foresighted editor, these hapless females are gone for good. In their place stands a girl who is a capable crime-fighter, a far cry from Batwoman who constantly had to be rescued from Batman.

Yvonne Craig reading Detective Comics #359.

Following the comic book debut of Barbara Gordon, Craig also promoted the comic book incarnation of her character. The actress was featured in photo shoots reading her avorite comic of all time, “The Million Dollar Debut of Batgirl.” While actress Yvonne Craig as Batgirl appeared every week in the new season of Batman, DC Comics featured Batgirl on several covers of Detective Comics, often overshadowing Batman and Robin in order to promote the new hero. On the cover of Detective Comics #369, Batgirl argues with Batman over whose sidekick Robin should be.

Batgirl became a lighthearted departure from the tortured characters of Batman and Robin, each depicted as fighting crime to avenge the death of their parents. Gordon’s motivation for crime fighting was written as being completely altruistic and, unlike Batwoman and Bat-Girl, independent of a male superhero. In her civilian identity, Dr. Barbara Gordon Ph.D. is not only depicted as an independent woman with a doctorate in library science, she is head of Gotham City public library; “presumably one of the largest public libraries in the DC Comics version of reality.” The character’s civilian career as a library professional, coupled with her alter ego as a crimefighter is considered to be symbolic of the women’s empowerment movement of the 1960s.

Batgirl continued to appear in DC Comics publications throughout the late sixties and seventies as a supporting character in Detective Comics, in addition to guest appearances in various titles such as Justice League of America, World’s Finest Comics, The Brave and the Bold, Action Comics, and Superman. The character was also given a starring role in DC’s Batman Family comic book which debuted in 1975. The original Robin Dick Grayson became her partner in the series and the two were frequently referred to as the “Dynamite Duo: Batgirl & Robin.” Although this series ended after three years of publication, Batgirl continued to appear in back up stories published in Detective Comics until DC officially retired the hero in the one-shot comic Batgirl Special #1 (July 1988). Although currently retired, Barbara Gordon’s incarnation as Batgirl remains one of the most popular and high profile characters of the Silver Age of Comic Books.

Batman: The Killing Joke (1988)

Main article: Batman: The Killing Joke

The Joker critically injures Barbara Gordon in Batman: The Killing Joke.

In this graphic novel, the Joker shoots and paralyzes Barbara in an attempt to get Batman’s attention. Although events in The Killing Joke exert a great impact on the character, the story has little to do with her. She is deployed as a plot device to cement the Joker vendetta against Commissioner Gordon and Batman (see Women in Refrigerators). Critical reception of The Killing Joke has been mixed while some commentators have been appalled by the treatment of Barbara Gordon, others have regarded The Killing Joke as one of the greatest Batman stories of all time.

Despite Moore’s writing, Valerie D’Orazio, a former editor at Acclaim Comics and DC Comics, has denounced the book, saying “It doesn’t take the perspective of a woman into account. It doesn’t take into account that some women might be so very disgusted with the book [and] what happens to Barbara Gordon in it.” In response, Laura Hudson, Senior editor of Comic Foundry Magazine comments, “Youe supposed to be disgusted with what happens to Barbara Gordon…because it disgusting…As a woman and as an adult, I can deal with fictional characters performing reprehensible acts towards women… When theye used not gratuitously but for a purpose, as I believe they were in The Killing Joke, that’s exactly what they’re supposed to do.” Following the release of the graphic novel, comic book editor and writer Kim Yale discussed how distasteful she found the treatment of Barbara Gordon with her husband, fellow comic writer John Ostrander. Rather than allow the character to fall into obscurity, the two decided to revive her as a character living with a disability.

Oracle (1988resent)

Yale and Ostrander oversaw the development of Barbara Gordon’s new persona as Oracle for the next several years. The character made her first comic book appearance as Oracle in Suicide Squad #23, anonymously offering her services to the government’s Task Force X. In the following two years, Oracle, under pen of Ostrander and Yale, made guest appearances in various DC titles until her identity was revealed to be Barbara Gordon in Suicide Squad #38 (1990) and she officially becomes a member of the Squad in issue #48 following an invitation from Amanda Waller. In 1992, Dennis Oeil gave Barbara Gordon Oracle a starring role in Batman: Sword of Azrael #1, where she became Batman sole source of information. This newly forged partnership established Oracle status as Batman’s intellectual equal.

The success of Chuck Dixon Black Canary/Oracle: Birds of Prey (1996) led to the comic series Birds of Prey starring the two title characters. Kim Yale and John Ostrander tell the origin of Oracle in “Oracle: Year One,” a story arc contained in Batman Chronicles #5. Since the launch of Birds of Prey, the Oracle character has become a high-profile figure in the DC Comics universe – moving beyond her ties to the Batman Family and forging alliances with groups such as the Justice League of America. Gail Simone took over as writer of Birds of Prey with issue #56, taking the series in a “Bold New Direction!” In an interview with columnist Jennifer Contino, Simone explains her fondness for Barbara Gordon:

Kim Yale and John Ostrander picked up the character and made her into a brilliant master computer operator and one of the most fascinating characters in comics. From there, Chuck Dixon did wonderful things with her in his Birds of Prey run … She fantastic because even just sitting in a chair in a dark room by herself, she tremendously compelling. The DCU without her would be a much less interesting place.

Throughout the course of the character’s history, Barbara Gordon’s intelligence has been one of the character’s defining attributes. According to BusinessWeek, Oracle is listed as one of the top ten most intelligent fictional superheroes appearing in American comics, and is the only female character to appear on the list.

Critical and editorial commentary

Despite the establishment of Gordon’s persona as Oracle, some observers have argued for the character’s mobility to be restored. Reacting to Batman: The Killing Joke and Barbara Gordon’s later character development as Oracle in Batman: Gotham Knights, Ray Tate, a reviewer at Comics Bulletin, writes,

Let’s get this out of the way first. There is absolutely no reason why Barbara Gordon should be in a wheelchair. Alan Moore and Brian Bolland meant The Killing Joke as an imaginary tale dealing with the iconography of Batman and the Joker. . . . [Batman] himself is a certifiable genius in biochemistry. There are countless examples of Batman employing that which is only theoretical in his fight against crime. His knowledge of stem cell technology should surpass that of the real world. There is simply no reason for Barbara Gordon to be confined to that wheelchair.

Regarding Gordon’s representation as a character living with a disability, and her effectiveness as a hero compared to her incarnation as Batgirl, Tate comments,

It’s ridiculous to think somebody wakes up thinking how lucky they are to be confined to a wheelchair, and yet the attitude around DC and among the fans is that Oracle is the better character over Batgirl because of her handicap. Rubbish. Batgirl has fought more crime and done more to aid Batman as Batgirl than she has as Oracle. Batgirl has saved Batman’s life on numerous occasions. Oracle has not. Barbara in this incarnation is not a bad character, but she is not better because she no longer hunts the night in cape and cowl.

As a counterpoint, Joey Esposito, a writer at CraveOnline, argues the following:

It’s a tough question to crack, because it’s a Catch-22 almost any way you look at it. One could argue that curing Barbara and allowing her to be Batgirl again would simply allow her to do more good fighting crime than she ever could in a wheelchair, but then you look insensitive to the ability and usefulness she has in other capacities as Oracle. Conversely, you could say that removing Barbara from her wheelchair drastically alters her character, but then wouldn’t that indicate that this is a character defined by her handicap? This begs the question of why so many fans adore her: is it because she’s a bold and daring leader that rivals the Calculator in brains? Or is it because she’s all of that, but stuck in a wheelchair? Think about the question, and surely many of you will find an answer you don’t like.

Alex Ross and Paul Dini have made attempts to return the character to her original conception. Ross explains in an interview:

Paul Dini had this idea of putting Barbara Gordon in the Lazarus Pit to revive her. . . . I thought it was a great idea, and we pitched then-Batman editor Denny O’Neil with these drawings of that costume design. The idea of using the red instead of the traditional yellow was meant to invoke the idea that coming from the Lazarus Pit, she was in a way, more compromised as a character…And…that went nowhere. Denny shot it down, because, according to him, everybody loves Barbara Gordon as Oracle and as a handicapped character. The theory was that DC didn’t have enough handicapped characters, so they weren’t going to do anything with Barbara as she was. And the design went into the drawer.

Kate Kane, the modern Batwoman introduced during 52, wears a variation of Gordon’s Batgirl costume designed by Ross. Some argue that the Barbara Gordon character provides a greater service to DC Comics and its readers in her current status, regardless of the events that preceded Oracle’s creation. DC Senior Vice President Dan DiDio comments, “Some stories… are so strong that undoing them would be a crime. The DCU would be a lesser place without [former Flash Barry Allen]’s sacrifice, or the crippling of Barbara at the hands of the Joker.” (Though DiDio has undone Flash’s death but not Gordon’s paralysis.) Although critical reception of Barbara Gordon’s evolution into Oracle have been mixed among critics and other observers, according to John Ostrander- “We have, over the years, on those occasions when I have worked with the character, gotten some letters from those who have disabilities of one stripe or another and all have been very supportive. I feel very proud for my part in creating Oracle.” Ostrander has also spoken about the value of Oracle to both DC Comics and its fan base:

What makes the runaway success of the Oracle character more remarkable is that it began during an era where bleak heroes with big guns were ruling the day. Without much fanfare, Barbara Gordon has become the most popular handicapped character since Charles Xavier. In fact, Oracle’s nature as a handicapped superhero and a role model is almost never mentioned by the company or fans…There WAS some idea of her being a role model, I think… We wanted her to cope with what had happened to her and becoming, in many ways, more effective as Oracle than she ever was as Batgirl. And we knew that others with disabilities might look at her and feel good reading about her…I don’t think people ‘dance around’ her disabilities as they don’t want to focus on them, but on her character. These shouldn’t be stories about a disabled person; they are stories about a compelling fascinating character who HAPPENS to be in a wheelchair and I think that’s correct. Barbara isn’t her handicap; there’s more to her than that.

Similarly, James B. South’s chapter “Barbara Gordon and Moral Perfectionism” in the 2004 book Superheroes and Philosophy analyses how the changes in Barbara’s life “from librarian to Batgirl to Oracle” drive her to pursue a higher self, illustrating the philosophical theory of moral perfectionism.

Fictional character biography

Silver Age

Barbara Gordon’s classic Batgirl design drawn by Kevin Nowlan.

In her original adventures during the Silver Age of Comics, Batgirl is depicted as a librarian by day, and a spirited crimefighter by night. In her debut story, while driving to a costume ball dressed as a female version of Batman, Barbara Gordon intervenes in a kidnapping attempt on Bruce Wayne by the villainous Killer Moth, attracting the Dark Knight’s attention and leading to a crime-fighting career. After a handful of guest appearances in Batman stories, she was given her own back-up strip in Detective Comics. The character was fleshed out considerably, with the shy, mousy, bookworm version of Barbara Gordon giving way to a more modern, confident character. Devoid of her plain-Jane glasses and hair bun, Barbara dates a succession of boyfriends, including Vietnam-veteran-turned-private-investigator Jason Bard. In addition to her appearances in both Detective Comics and Batman, Batgirl made a guest appearance in World’s Finest Comics #169 (1967) where she met Superman, Supergirl, Bat-Mite, and Mxyzptlk for the first time. She also fights alongside the Justice League of America against the villainous Queen Bee. Supergirl and Batgirl meet again in Adventure Comics #381 (1969) when both heroes separately investigate a female criminal gang.

Her back-up stories appear sporadically in Detective Comics until the mid 1970s. Although she occasionally partners with Robin, she more frequently works with Jason Bard, a Vietnam War veteran with a chronic knee injury who becomes a private detective. Bard is also a romantic interest of Barbara. Batgirl reveals her secret identity to her father (who had already discovered it on his own), and serves as a member of the U.S. House of Representatives. She moves to Washington, D.C., intending to give up her career as Batgirl and in June 1972, appeared in a story entitled “Batgirl’s Last Case.” Editor Julius Schwartz brought her back a year later in Superman #268 (1973), in which she has a blind date with Clark Kent, establishing their friendship, and fights alongside Superman. Batgirl and Superman team up twice more, in Superman #279 and DC Comics Presents #19. Batgirl also guest-starred in other Superman related titles such as #453 of Adventure Comics, and in Superman Family #171, where she teams with Supergirl.

Bronze Age

In 1975, DC created the Batman Family comic book, which ran for 20 issues before ending to enable its characters to be added to DC’s then-flagging title “Detective Comics”. Batgirl was one of the main features in the book, frequently teaming with Robin. Batgirl meets Batwoman in Batman Family #10, when the retired superhero briefly returns to crime-fighting (before Kane is murdered by the Bronze Tiger). The two fight Killer Moth and Cavalier, and learn about each other’s secret identities. When Batman Family ended at issue #20, stories featuring these characters were merged with Detective Comics, beginning with issue #481 in 1979, and Batgirl continued her adventures there. Even after the “Batman Family” feature left Detective Comics, Batgirl continued to appear with regularity in main and back-up stories through issue #519 (October 1982).

Crisis on Infinite Earths, a limited miniseries published in 1985, was written in order to reduce the complex history of DC Comics to a single continuity. Although Batgirl is a featured character, her role is relatively small- she delivers Supergirl’s eulogy at the conclusion of the story. The conclusion of Crisis on Infinite Earths changed DC Universe continuity in many ways. Following the reboot, Barbara Gordon is born to Roger and Thelma Gordon, and she is Jim Gordon’s niece/adopted daughter in current canon.

Post-Crisis, Supergirl does not arrive on Earth until after Gordon has established herself as Oracle; many adventures she shared with Batgirl are now retroactively described as having been experienced by Power Girl. In Secret Origins #20: Batgirl and the Golden Age Dr. Mid-Nite (1987), Barbara Gordon’s origin is rebooted by author Barbara Randal. Within the storyline, Gordon recounts the series of events that lead to her career as Batgirl, including her first encounter with Batman as a child, studying martial arts under the tutelage of a sensei, memorizing maps and blue prints of the city, excelling in academics in order to skip grades, and pushing herself to become a star athlete.

Modern Age: Exit Batgirl, enter Oracle

The Modern Age of Comic Books had significant changes to the comic book industry as characters became darker and psychologically complex, abandoning the light-hearted themes of earlier ages. After her back-up series of stories ended, Barbara Gordon continued to be Batgirl, but increasingly felt inconsequential in a world filled with superpowered heroes. After capturing the Cormorant in Batgirl Special #1 (1988), Gordon retires her Batgirl persona. In Batman: The Killing Joke (1988), the Joker shoots Barbara, intending to drive her father James Gordon into madness by forcing him to see a series of degrading photos of Barbara in an undressed and tortured state. The bullet severs her spine, permanently paralyzing her from the waist down. Gordon is grief-stricken upon learning the extent of her injuries, as is her ally and off-on again lover Dick Grayson, the original Robin who was then known as Nightwing. This also has led Barbara to develop an intense obsession with the Clown Prince of Crime, as evident in the Last Laugh arc, as she repeatedly hacks into the prison surveillance of the Joker and even argues with Grayson that they should make an exception of him by killing the the Harlequin of Hate.

Initially, Gordon’s paralysis plunges her into a state of reactive depression. However, she soon realizes that her aptitude for and training in information sciences have provided her with tremendous skills that could be deployed to fight crime. In a world increasingly centered on technology and information, she possesses a genius-level intellect; photographic memory; deep knowledge of computers and electronics; expert skills as a hacker; and graduate training in library sciences. One night, Gordon has a dream in which an all-knowing woman (similar to Oracle at Delphi of Greek mythology) has her own face; it’s then that she adopts “Oracle” as her codename. She serves as an information broker, gathering and disseminating intelligence to law enforcement organizations and members of the superhero community. In “Oracle: Year One,” Oracle also trains under the tutelage of Richard Dragon, one of DC’s premiere martial artists, to engage in combat (using eskrima) from her wheelchair. She develops her upper-body strength and targeting skills with both firearms and batarangs. In her second appearance as a hacker in the DC Comics universe, Oracle is featured in the 12-issue miniseries The Hacker Files (1993).

In 2003, comic book authors Scott Beatty and Chuck Dixon revised Barbara Gordon origin with the miniseries Batgirl: Year One. Gordon is a highly gifted child having graduated from high school early, but initially desires to join law enforcement as opposed to vigilantism in the previous origin myths.

Birds of Prey

Main article: Birds of Prey (comics)

Cover to Birds of Prey: Of Like Minds featuring Oracle, Black Canary, and The Huntress. Author Gail Simone and Artist Ed Benes.

Following her paralysis and recovery from depression, Oracle founds the Birds of Prey, a team of female heroes, whom she employs as agents and extended members of the Batman team. After her unsuccessful partnership with Power Girl, Oracle later joins forces with the superheroine Black Canary. During Chuck Dixon’s crossover series Hunt for Oracle, Barbara Gordon and Dinah Lance meet in person and establish a long-term friendship. They form the nucleus of the Birds of Prey organization. While Oracle serves as the basic head of operations, Black Canary becomes her full-time employee and field agent.

During the 2004 crossover event War Games, Black Mask commandeers Oracle’s computers and satellites and engages in a fight to the death with Batman. In order to prevent Batman from killing his adversary, Oracle initiates the Clock Tower’s self-destruct sequence, provoking Batman to rescue her rather than continue the battle. This results in the destruction of Gordon’s home and headquarters in the clock tower. Subsequently, Oracle decides to move on, and leaves Gotham City altogether. She cuts her ties with Batman, and after a temporary world trip with her team, relocates to Metropolis.

In the events comprising Gail Simone’s Birds of Prey: Between Dark and Dawn (2005), and Birds of Prey: The Battle Within (2005), Oracle is possessed by arch-villain Brainiac, an artificial intelligence entity, in order to become a biological being. Although Oracle overpowers Brainiac and expels him from her body, the advanced virus delivered by him remains despite his absence. The virus steadily causes cybernetic attachments to sprout all over her body. Oracle develops cyberpathic powers that allow her to psychically interact with computer information systems. Although she loses these abilities after the virus is rendered dormant following an operation by Doctor Mid-Nite, she discovers she can move her toes. However, this proves to be short-lived; Gordon remains paralyzed.

Oracle as she appears infected with the Brainiac virus. Art by Adriana Melo.

During the company wide crossover Infinite Crisis (2005), Oracle teams with the Martian Manhunter in Metropolis to coordinate a counterstrike to the Secret Society’s global jailbreak. The renewed romance between Barbara Gordon and Dick Grayson is also cut short by the Infinite Crisis storyline. When DC continuity jumps forward one year after the events of Infinite Crisis, Oracle and her team continue to work in Metropolis. Oracle works with Batman, although not on a regular basis as before. Oracle continues to lead the Birds of Prey, and expands the ranks of the operation. In Birds of Prey #99, Black Canary leaves the team and The Huntress becomes the team’s de facto field leader, while Big Barda has been brought in as the group’s heavy-hitter alongside a larger, rotating roster; Oracle also makes an attempt to reforge her alliance with Power Girl, however, when Oracle invites her to rejoin the team, she replies that she’ll do so “when Hell freezes over.” In “Whitewater,” Gail Simone’s final story arc on Birds of Prey (2007), Oracle and her team struggle for power with Spy Smasher, a government agent who has taken over the Birds of Prey organization. Eventually, Spy Smasher is forced to admit her defeat and returns control of the Birds of Prey organization to Oracle. At the conclusion of the arc, Oracle also adopts Misfit into the Birds of Prey.

Barbara Gordon has also been romantically linked to Dick Grayson, aka Nightwing. At a young age they shared their passion as Robin and Batgirl. Nightwing was shocked and disturbed to learn of the effects of the Killing Joke, resulting in Barbara’s paralysis. After the events of No Man’s Land, the two fall in love. Before Infinite Crisis, Nightwing drops to one knee and proposes. Barbara tearfully accepts. When Batman asks Nightwing to help him rediscover himself, Dick is hesitant due to his engagement to Barbara. She allows him to go, telling him they were not ready for marriage. Before Dick leaves, he sends her an envelope with her engagement ring and picture of them together as Robin and Batgirl.

During the events of One Year Later, Cassandra Cain (the fourth Batgirl) took over the League of Assassins and killed several people. Later it is revealed[when?] that Cassandra was under the control of her father David and Deathstroke and was freed due to Robin’s anti-toxin. Cassandra desired to kill her father and Deathstroke as a result of the events. While she searches for them on the Batcomputer, Cassandra is interrupted by Oracle, who states she knows what Cassandra is up to but does not attempt to stop her. Instead, Oracle offers to delete all records of Cassandra accessing the computer, but Nightwing finds out, confronts Oracle, and leaves angrily afterwards. After Cassandra and a couple of her friends raid Deathstroke and Cain’s school, Cassandra deduces that Cain and Deathstroke seek to kill Oracle. Cassandra takes a Batwing and flies to Oracle’s base of operations, where she confronts, and defeats her father in one-on-one combat.

In Countdown (2007), Oracle dispatches the Question and Batwoman to capture Trickster and Piper following their role in the murder of the Flash. She struggles to keep the identities of the world’s heroes from being stolen and coordinates the response to a global crisis engineered by the Calculator, a villainous hacker and information broker. In issue #5 of the comic book series The All-New Booster Gold (2007), the title hero is given the mission of traveling back in time in order to prevent “a tragedy that he discovers never should’ve happened the Joker shooting and paralyzing Barbara Gordon, Batgirl.” Although Booster Gold makes several attempts to prevent the events which took place in Batman: The Killing Joke, he ultimately fails and Barbara Gordon’s chronological history remains unchanged.

Final Crisis and Battle for the Cowl

In the Final Crisis storyline, Darkseid who has finally gained control of the Anti-Life Equation attempts to put the mind-control equation on the Internet. Both Oracle and Mister Terrific make desperate attempts to stop Darkseid, even attempting to shut down the entire Internet. Unfortunately, they both fail and those affected ended up mindless slaves of Darkseid.

Freed from Darkseid control after the restoration of the Multiverse, she attempts to shut down the criminal Unternet set up by her opposite number, the Calculator, as a Darkseid-free replacement for the regular Internet and still used by tech-savvy criminals. However, the Calculator, preventing her moves, takes control of the Kilg%re, gaining the ability to thrive in cyberspace by controlling digital and cybernetic avatars, and tracks Oracle down with his newfound powers. Even though Oracle foils him, she starts doubting her abilities and fears she’s losing her edge and brilliance, which results in her disbanding the Birds of Prey team to do some soul-searching.

Following the events of Batman R.I.P. and the Final Crisis, Oracle has returned back to Gotham, and although the Birds of Prey are disbanded, she continues to summon them to help Nightwing and Robin deal with the growing crime in Gotham.

The Calculator’s plans finally come to their fruition, and Kuttler, hoping to save her dying daughter Wendy takes on the Babbage alias and begins prowling the digital world of Alta Viva, a virtual world game, for fragments of the Anti-Life Equation unleashed by Darkseid.

Oracle, now living in a dilapidated condo in Gotham, becomes aware of Kuttler’s activities when Cheesefiend, one of her informants, is brutally killed, with the Anti-Lfe Equation itself, after coming in contact with Babbage.

Hoping to stop the Calculator and prevent him from piecing together the fragments of the Anti-Life Equation in his possession, Oracle travels to Hong Kong, hoping to steal them back by the means of an advanced supercomputer programmed to track the chunk of data left behind by Babbage. However the Calculator discovers her attempts, swearing vengeance upon her.

She manages to defeat Calculator, curing the Anti-Life Equation’s fragments.

Working with Leslie Thompkins, Barbara has begun to mentor the Calculator’s daughter, Wendy, who was crippled following an attack at the Titans Tower, which took the life of her brother Marvin. Recently it came to Barbara’s attention (thanks to Dick Grayson) that Cassandra Cain has once again stepped down from the role of Batgirl, and has been replaced by Stephanie Brown. Still seeing Stephanie as an impulsive young girl, Barbara tries to talk her out of being Batgirl. When a new recreational drug known as “Thrill” is hitting the streets of Gotham, Barbara and Stephanie work together to stop the drug trade which they discovers to be run by Scarecrow and Black Mask. After Stephanie defeated Scarecrow and proved her worth and maturity, Barbara gives Stephanie an unused Batgirl costume that was supposedly designed for Barbara. Barbara also takes a job as an assistant professor at Gotham University.

After Dick discovers that Barbara have approved of Stephanie as Batgirl, he and Barbara had an intense argument of Barbara’s decision which eventually made him left to resume his patrol in the city. Her father has been trying to set Barbara a blind date with Gotham PD’s newest recruit from Coast City, Detective Nicholas Gage. After they’ve finally meet there was a miscommunication between the two: as Barbara thought the detective was discriminating her because of her disability but it is really because Gage senses Barbara wants to be with someone else (Dick Grayson). His instincts prove to be somewhat true, as Dick and Barbara begin working together on a kidnapping case, and despite some early attitude, begin to flirt playfully like they used to.

Oracle also helps the Web design his specialized website, allowing people from across the world to contact him for help.

Blackest Night

During Blackest Night, Green Lantern crashes into the Batsignal after a fight with the Black Lantern Martian Manhunter. Barbara and Commissioner Gordon are both present. Origins & Omens hints towards an involvement in the storyline. After sending Green Lantern’s intel to every superhero community across the planet of the Black Lanterns, the Gordons find themselves being attacked by the original Dark Knight’s deceased rogue gallery members, whom are all reanimated by the Black Lantern Corps, Barbara and her father are forced to fight for their lives as they witnessing the Black Lanterns are massacring everyone on sight at Gotham Central. During the crisis, Barbara is being possessed by Deadman, channeling Barbara’s athletic capability and apparently using his own super-natural ability to allow her to stand, to save Commissioner Gordon from the reanimated King Snake and the Trigger Twins. After being rescued by Batman, Robin, and Red Robin, the Gordons are later being attacked by Batman and Red Robin’s parents with their saviors, the reanimated Graysons and the Drakes. While Grayson and Drake battling the Black Lanterns, Robin takes the Gordons to their underground base where Alfred tends her and her father’s wounds.

Romance

Barbara Gordon has been romantically linked to Dick Grayson, aka Nightwing. At a young age they shared their passion as Robin and Batgirl. Nightwing was shocked and disturbed to learn of the effects of the Killing Joke, resulting in Barbara’s paralysis. After the events of No Man’s Land, the two fall in love. Before Infinite Crisis, Nightwing drops to one knee and proposes. Barbara tearfully accepts. During the Crisis, Grayson was shocked by raw energy, and was taken into care of Barbara’s arms. When Batman asks Nightwing to help him rediscover himself, Dick is hesitant due to his engagement to Barbara. She allows him to go, telling him they were not ready for marriage. Dick sends her engagement ring with a picture of them as Robin and Batgirl, promising to return to her when the time is right.

Both show genuine romantic affection towards the other, though not as a couple anymore. Grayson is rejoining the JLA with Starfire, however a recent issue of Titans stated that Dick has moved on of his past relationship with her. Barbara’s father has start trying to set her up with a hotshot young detective who’ve just transferred from Coast City, Nicholas Gage, although he’s apparently more interested in the newest Batgirl (Stephanie Brown).

Another brief romance was with Jason Bard, her ex-fiancee. When Grayson left Gotham and rejoined Koriand’r, Babs found comfort in the young man’s arms. The relationship fizzled and the engagement was cancelled. In a Birds of Prey comic book, the two are reunited on a mission. However, this does not last as Babs shoves him out of her life once again in favor of Grayson.

Past all this, her one true love remains Dick Grayson. The engagement ring still hangs on its chain from her neck as their memories of love, young and old, sought into their hearts.

Powers and abilities

Martial artistry

According to the character’s fictional biography, Barbara Gordon took numerous self-defense classes in judo and karate, earning brown belts, prior to her tenure as Batgirl and is described as being a “star athlete.” Following the events of The Killing Joke, Barbara Gordon continued to train in the martial arts as Oracle, despite being paralyzed from the waist down. She has extensive skills with eskrima fighting sticks, small firearms, and batarangs; she customarily keeps a pair of eskrima sticks stored in the armrests of her wheelchair as a contingency. Those able to possess her like Deadman are able to bypass her paralysis and make her run and fight like a normal person but when they leave her body her paralysis will return completely.

Technological skills

Prior to the character’s career as a vigilante, Barbara Gordon developed many technological skills, including vast knowledge of computers and electronics, and having, expert skills as a hacker, and graduate training in library sciences. Gordon is also written as having a genius-level intellect and naturally possessing a photographic memory. Like Batman, Barbara Gordon originally used a wide variety of computer electronics and gadgets during her early adventures as Batgirl. These included an infrared scanner built into the cowl of her costume, various bat-inspired weaponry, and the “Batgirl Cycle.” According to Gail Simone, Oracle maintains control over the twelve technologically advanced satellites that were created by Lex Luthor during his tenure as President of the United States.

Information broker

Oracle places her considerable skills and knowledge at the disposal of many of the DC universe’s heroes. She is a skilled hacker, capable of retrieving and dispersing information from private satellites, military installations, government files, and the properties of Lex Luthor. Batman, himself a genius with a wide knowledge base and access to vast information resources, routinely consults Oracle for assistance.

In other media

Main article: Barbara Gordon in other media

Since the character’s debut in 1966, Barbara Gordon has been adapted in live action television series such as Batman and Birds of Prey, as well as animated television series such as Batman: The Animated Series, The New Batman Adventures, and The Batman in her alter egos as both Batgirl and Oracle. Barbara Gordon was also the inspiration for the version of Batgirl portrayed by actress Alicia Silverstone in the live action film Batman & Robin.

Television

Yvonne Craig as Batgirl.

When the Batman television series of the 1960s sought to renew the program for a third season, DC editor Julius Schwartz along with artist Carmine Infantino created the “new” Batgirlarbara Gordont the explicit request of television producer William Dozier. Batgirl’s addition to the comic book medium was inspired to tie in with the television program in order to bring in a female audience. Yvonne Craig was cast as Batgirl after starring in a seven minute promotional short which was presented to the ABC television network. Although Yvonne Craig’s addition to the cast was able to renew the program for a third season, it did not save the series from cancellation. In 1972, three years after the Batman television series ended, Craig appeared again as Batgirl in a public service announcement for the United States Department of Labor advocating equal pay. In an interview with Femme Fatales Magazine (1998), Craig describes her experience playing the comic book icon as one of her best experiences. According to Craig, her portrayal as Batgirl remains a symbol for women’s empowerment.

I meet young women who say Batgirl was their role model… They say its because it was the first time they ever felt girls could do the same things guys could do, and sometimes better. I think that lovely.

In 2002, Warner Bros. produced the television series Birds of Prey, loosely based on the comic book series of the same name. Dina Meyer became the first actress to portray Barbara Gordon as Oracle. The series followed Barbara’s origins, though with several large differences, such as Barbara taking in Bruce’s daughter Helena Wayne after the death of Catwoman and Batman’s disappearance. Unlike previous interpretations, Barbara is not a librarian nor a computer designer, but a high school teacher.

Animation

Barbara Gordon made her animated debut as Batgirl in the Filmation animated series Batman with Robin the Boy Wonder (originally known as The Batman/Superman Hour) which originally aired on CBS in 1968. Batgirl also played a supporting role in The New Adventures of Batman, also produced by Filmation and aired on CBS in 1977. She was voiced by Melendy Britt.

Batgirl in Batman: The Animated Series.

During the 1990s – after the Batman franchise experienced a revitalization due to the commercial success of Tim Burton’s feature film Batman – Barbara Gordon was adapted into the series of animated television programs produced by Warner Bros. Animation collectively known as Bruce Timm and Paul Dini’s DC animated universe. These series of animated programs began with Batman: The Animated Series which debuted on the Fox network in 1992, first voiced by Melissa Gilbert. Barbara Gordon in this continuity, made her first appearance in the two part episode “Heart of Steel.” Furthermore, to build audience anticipation of her adoption of the Batgirl identity, Barbara’s subsequent appearances in that season make no mention of that inclination. In the following season, Gordon finally becomes Batgirl in the two part episode “Shadow of the Bat” (1993). In the character’s third appearance, Barbara Gordon played a starring role in the series finale “Batgirl Returns” (1994). Following the launch of The WB network and at the request of Warner Bros. Entertainment, Batgirl was given a recurring role in The New Batman Adventures, voiced by Tara Strong (1997), where she had a relationship with Nightwing, and also made a brief cameo appearance in the 2002 Justice League episode “The Savage Time”, kissing Dick Grayson.

In 1999, The WB premiered the animated television series Batman Beyond, which conforms to the continuity of the DCAU, yet depicts a future in which Bruce Wayne has retired as Batman. The elder Barbara Gordon in this series also retired her Batgirl persona and serves as Police Commissioner of Gotham City and married to Gotham’s District Attorney, Sam Young. It is said she retired as Batgirl after being shot with a machine gun, most likely a reference to the comics when the Joker shot her in the back, paralyzing her and ending her crime fighting career. Unlike her father, Barbara has no desire to work with the new Batman, Terry McGinnis, which occasionally results in friction when their activities overlap in a negative manner. They do collaborate on occasion, though, and she eventually comes to respect Terry. It was also hinted that she and Bruce had a romantic relationship in the past.

Although the DCAU did not end until the finale of Justice League Unlimited in 2006, Warner Bros. Animation launched a new animated series titled The Batman in 2004 which established its own continuity. Barbara Gordon was introduced as Batgirl in the two part episode “Batgirl Begins” (2005). Due to Robin being used in the Teen Titans cartoon series, Barbara was introduced before him, acting in an unofficial sidekick role. Robin would be introduced the following season as Batman’s official sidekick, while Barabra would play a more secondary role. This series also marked the animated debut of Barbara Gordon as Oracle with the futuristic episode “Artifacts” (2007).

Video games

She appears in LEGO Batman for the PC, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Wii, DS, and PlayStation Portable. She also appears (as Oracle) in Batman: Arkham Asylum for the PC, PlayStation 3, and Xbox 360, but only her voice can be heard in the game, where she serves as Batman’s guide through Arkham, and is voiced by Kimberly Brooks.

Collected Editions and Graphic Novels

Showcase Presents: Batgirl, Vol. 1 ISBN 1401213677; collects early Batgirl appearances (19671975) (Release date 2007) Softcover

Batman: Batgirl (1997) ISBN 978-1563893056

Batman: The Killing Joke (1988) ISBN 0930289455

Batman: Thrillkiller ISBN 1563894246; collects Thrillkiller: Batgirl & Robin and the ’62 special (1998)

Elseworld’s Finest: Supergirl & Batgirl (1998)

Birds of Prey (1999) ISBN 156389484X

Birds of Prey: Old Friends, New Enemies (2003) ISBN 1563899396

Batgirl: Year One (2003) ISBN 140120080X

Birds of Prey: Of Like Minds (2004) ISBN 140120192X

Birds of Prey: Sensei & Student (2005) ISBN 1401204341

Birds of Prey: Between Dark & Dawn (2006) ISBN 1401209408

Birds of Prey: The Battle Within (2006) ISBN 978-1401210960

Birds of Prey: Perfect Pitch (2007) ISBN 1401211917

Birds of Prey: Blood and Circuits (2007) ISBN 9781401213718

See also

Alternate versions of Barbara Gordon

List of fictional hackers

Notes

^ a b c Arant, Wendi; Candace Benefiel (2002). The Image and Role of the Librarian. Haworth Press. pp. 7778. ISBN 0789020998. http://books.google.com/books?id=RXsa43PYarQC. 

^ MacPherson, Don (2003). “Critiques on Infinite Earths”. http://www.thefourthrail.com/reviews/critiques/121602/batgirlyearone1.shtml. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 

^ a b “Yvonne Craig as Batgirl in a Public Service Announcement for the U.S. Department of Labor”. 1972. http://www.yvonnecraig.com/up_close_tv.php. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 

^ Daniels, Les (2004). Batman: The Complete History. Chronicle Books. pp. 113. ISBN 0811842320. http://books.google.com/books?id=73wknu2cVIkC. 

^ a b “Batgirl Promotional Short”. 1967. http://www.tvobscurities.com/articles/batgirl.php. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 

^ a b Daniels, Les (1995). DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World’s Favorite Comic Book Heroes. Bulfinch. pp. 141. ISBN 0-8212-2076-4. 

^ Fitzgerald, Michael (2007). “CARMINE INFANTINO: DECADES AT DC AND BEYOND”. http://www.wizarduniverse.com/magazine/wizard/004812442.cfm. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 

^ Fox, Gardner (1967). Detective Comics #359. DC Comics. 

^ Detective #417. DC Comics. 1971. 

^ Fred Grandinetti. “Remembering Kathy Kane: The First Batwoman”. Newsarama. http://www.newsarama.com/dcnew/Batwoman/BatwomanHistory.htm. Retrieved 2007-09-19. 

^ Aly, Don (2002). “Mini-Interview”. http://www.donaly.com/celebrity_gossip_C15.html. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 

^ Detective #363. DC Comics. 1967. 

^ Detective #369. DC Comics. 1967. 

^ Detective #371. DC Comics. 1968. 

^ Sanderson, Peter (2007). “Comics in Context #67: Catch As Cats Can”. http://comics.ign.com/articles/595/595646p7.html. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 

^ a b Fox, Gardner (1968). Justice League of America #60. DC Comics. 

^ Bates, Cary (1968). World’s Finest Comics #176. DC Comics. 

^ Haney, Bob (1968). The Brave and the Bold #78. DC Comics. 

^ a b Bates, Cary (1969). Action Comics #381. DC Comics. 

^ Maggin, Elliot (1975). Superman #268. DC Comics. 

^ Maggin, Elliot (1975). Batman Family #1. DC Comics. 

^ Reed, David (1978). Batman Family #20. DC Comics. 

^ a b Randall, Barbara (1988). Batgirl Special #1. DC Comics. 

^ a b Moore, Alan (1988). Batman: The Killing Joke. DC Comics. ISBN 978-0930289454. 

^ Rosenbaum, Itai (2007). “Behind The Panels #5 – The Killing Joke”. www.comicsbulletin.com. http://www.comicsbulletin.com/news/story.php?a=4407. Retrieved 2007-11-24. 

^ D’Orazio, Valerie (2007). “Oh, You Like Woman? Here Is Cookie! Good Job!”. occasionalsuperheroine.blogspot.com. http://occasionalsuperheroine.blogspot.com/2007/08/oh-you-like-woman-here-is-cookie-good.html. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 

^ Hudson, Laura (2007). “The Killing Joke: “Not for women”? WTF”. myriadissues.blogspot.com. http://myriadissues.blogspot.com/2007/08/killing-joke-not-for-women-wtf.html. Retrieved 2007-12-11. 

^ a b Cronin, Brian (2007). “A (Perhaps Unnecessary) Guide to Oracle Formative Years”. http://goodcomics.comicbookresources.com/2007/02/15/a-perhaps-unnecessary-guide-to-oracles-formative-years. Retrieved 2007-09-11. 

^ Ostrander, John (2007). Suicide Squad (Vol. 1) #23. DC Comics. ISBN 1401214916. http://www.dccomics.com/graphic_novels/?gn=8207. 

^ Oeil, Dennis (1993). Batman: Sword of Azrael #1. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1563891007. 

^ Dixon, Chuck; Chuck Dixon, Jordan Gorfinkey (1996). Black Canary/Oracle: Birds of Prey. DC Comics. ISBN 156389484X. 

^ Contino, Jennifer (2006). “Interview with Gail Simone”. Mania Comics. http://www.mania.com/53133.html. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 

^ Pisani, Joseph (2006). “The Smartest Superheroes”. BusinessWeek. http://images.businessweek.com/ss/06/05/smart_heroes/index_01.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 

^ Khouri, Andy (2007). “CCI: DC GROUP THERAPY”. http://www.comicbookresources.com/news/newsitem.cgi?id=11343. Retrieved 2007-11-23. 

^ http://www.comicsbulletin.com/

^ a b Tate, Ray (2000-12-31). “LINE OF FIRE REVIEWS: Batman Gotham Knights #12”. http://www.comicsbulletin.com/reviews/97832472765596.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-25. 

^ The Life and Times of Barbara Gordon

^ Johnson, Dave (2006). “ALEX ROSS: GIVING BATWOMAN HER LOOK”. Newsarama. http://www.newsarama.com/dcnew/52/Batwoman/BatwomanRoss.html. Retrieved 2007-09-12. 

^ Johns, Geoff; Geoff Johns (Author), Grant Morrison (Author), Greg Rucka (Author), Mark Waid (Author), Keith Giffen (Illustrator), J.G. Jones (Illustrator) (2007). Infinite Crisis. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1401213534. http://www.dccomics.com/graphic_novels/?gn=7125. 

^ Jordan, Justin (2005). “WW PHILLY: Crisis counseling with Dan DiDio: DC jumps one year into the future”. http://www.comicbookresources.com/?page=article&id=5129. Retrieved 2009-10-01. 

^ a b Yarbrough, Beau (1999). “OSTRANDER ON ORACLE, MARTIAN MANHUNTER AND MARVEL’S WESTERN HEROES”. Comic Book Resources. http://www.comicbookresources.com/columns/index.cgi?article=326. Retrieved 2007-11-22. 

^ South, James B. (2004). “Barbara Gordon”. in Morris, Tom. Superheroes and Philosophy. Chicago: Open Court. pp. 89-101. ISBN 0-8126-9573-9. 

^ Bates, Cary (1967). World Finest Comics #169. DC Comics. 

^ Detective Comics #424. DC Comics. 1972. 

^ The Amazing Adventures of Superman #268. DC Comics. 1973. 

^ Batman Family #10. DC Comics. 1977. 

^ Wolfman, Marv (1985). Crisis on Infinite Earths. DC Comics. ISBN 1-56389-750-4. 

^ Wolfman, Marv (1985). Crisis on Infinite Earths. DC Comics. pp. 215. ISBN 1-56389-750-4. 

^ a b c Randal, Barbara (1987). Secret Origins # 20 Batgirl and the Golden Age Dr. Mid-Nite. DC Comics. 

^ The Batman Chronicles #5. DC Comics. 1996. 

^ Shiner, Lewis (1993). The Hacker Files. DC Comics. 

^ Dixon, Chuck; Scott Beatty, Chuck Dixon (2003). Batgirl: Year One. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1401200800. 

^ Dixon, Chuck (1996). Black Canary/Oracle: Birds of Prey. DC Comics. 

^ Dixon, Chuck (2003). Nightwing: Hunt for Oracle. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1563899409. 

^ Brubaker, Ed; Bill Willingham (2004). Batman: War Games. DC Comics. ISBN 1401204317. 

^ Simone, Gail (2005). Birds of Prey: Between Dark and Dawn. DC Comics. ISBN 1401209408. 

^ Simone, Gail (2005). Birds of Prey: The Battle Within. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1401210960. 

^ Johns, Geoff; Phil Jimenez, George Perez, Jerry Ordway, Ivan Reis, Andy Lanning (2005). Infinite Crisis. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1401209599. 

^ Andreyko, Marc (2007). Nightwing Annual 2. DC Comics. 

^ Simone, Gail (2007). Birds of Prey: Blood and Circuits. DC Comics. ISBN 978-1401213718. 

^ Simone, Gail (2007). Birds of Prey: Whitewater. DC Comics. 

^ Dini, Paul; Paul Dini, Sean McKeever (2007). Countdown #39. DC Comics. 

^ Johns, Geoff; Jeff Katz (2007). The All-New Booster Gold #5. DC Comics. 

^ “The All-New Booster Gold #5”. DC Comics. 2007. http://www.dccomics.com/comics/?cm=8496. Retrieved 2008-01-13. 

^ Birds of Prey #127

^ Oracle: The Cure #1

^ Oracle: The Cure #2

^ Oracle: The Cure #3

^ Batgirl #1 2009

^ Batgirl #3 2009

^ Batgirl vol. 2 #5

^ Batgirl vol. 2 #6

^ Blackest Night #2

^ Blackest Night: Batman #2

^ Titans #11 (2009)

^ a b Peterson, Scott (1994). A Little Knowledge Showcase 94 #12. DC Comics. 

^ Brady, Matt (2007). “THE SIMONE FILES I: BIRDS OF PREY – UPDATED”. www.newsarama.com. http://forum.newsarama.com/showthread.php?t=98825. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 

^ Simone, Gail (2006). Birds of Prey #80. DC Comics. 

^ Sherman, Stanford (1967-09-14). “Enter Batgirl, Exit Penguin”. Batman. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/batman-1966/enter-batgirl-exit-penguin/episode/6903/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Armus, Adam; Kay Foster (2002-11-27). “Lady Shiva”. Birds of Prey. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/birds-of-prey/lady-shiva/episode/194250/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ a b Reaves, Brynne (1993-09-13). “Shadow of the Bat”. Batman: The Animated Series. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/batman-the-animated-series/shadow-of-the-bat-part-1-of-2/episode/72331/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Dini, Paul (1997-09-13). “Holiday Knights”. The New Batman Adventures. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com//holiday-knights/episode/115343/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ a b Jelenic, Michael (2005-09-17). “Batgirl Begins”. The Batman. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/the-batman/batgirl-begins-1/episode/416142/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ McNeill, Dustin (2005). “Review of Batman & Robin”. http://www.dvdactive.com/reviews/dvd/batman-and-robin.html?page=2. Retrieved 2007-10-14. 

^ Brooker, Will (2001). Batman Unmasked: Analyzing a Cultural Icon. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 187. ISBN 0826413439. 

^ a b Schiff, Laura (1998). “Interview With Yvonne”. http://yvonnecraig.com/up_close_interviews.php. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 

^ Kalogridis, Laeta (2002-11-27). “Pilot”. Birds of Prey. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/birds-of-prey/pilot/episode/158475/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ “The Batman/Superman Hour”. 1968. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0062544/. Retrieved 2007-12-20. 

^ “Pest”. The New Adventures of Batman. www.tv.com. 1977-02-10. http://www.tv.com/the-new-adventures-of-batman/the-pest/episode/194782/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Reaves, Brynne (1992-11-16). “Heart of Steel”. Batman: The Animated Series. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/batman-the-animated-series/heart-of-steel-part-1-of-2/episode/69011/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Reaves, Michael; Brynne Chandler Reaves (1994-11-12). “Batgirl Returns”. She had a sexual attraction to Dick Grayson/Robin. The New Adventures of Batman & Robin. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/justice-league-unlimited/the-savage-time-3/episode/166100/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Nolen-Weathington, Eric (2004). Modern Masters Volume 3: Bruce Timm. TwoMorrows Publishing. pp. 58. ISBN 1893905306. 

^ Berkowitz, Stan (2002-11-09). “The Savage Time”. Justice League. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/justice-league-unlimited/the-savage-time-3/episode/166100/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Berkowitz, Stan (1999-01-10). “Rebirth Part 2”. Batman Beyond. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com/batman-beyond/rebirth-2/episode/44985/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Weisman, Greg (2007-02-03). “Artifacts”. The Batman. www.tv.com. http://www.tv.com//artifacts/episode/869514/summary.html. Retrieved 2008-01-02. 

^ Game Informer features a two-page gallery of the many heroes and villains who appear in the game with a picture for each character and a descriptive paragraph. See “LEGO Batman: Character Gallery,” Game Informer 186 (October 2008): 92.

References

Daniels, Les. Batman: The Complete History. Chronicle Books, 2004. ISBN 0811842320

Daniels, Les. DC Comics: Sixty Years of the World’s Favorite Comic Book Heroes. Bulfinch, 1995. ISBN 0-821-22076-4

Arant, Wendi. Benefiel, Candace. The Image and Role of the Librarian. Haworth Press, 2002. ISBN 0789020998

Brooker, Will. Batman Unmasked: Analyzing a Cultural Icon. Continuum International Publishing Group, 2001. ISBN 0826413439

Nolen-Weathington, Eric. Modern Masters Volume 3: Bruce Timm. TwoMorrows Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1893905306

External links

Barbara Gordon at DC Database Project

Barbara Gordon at the Grand Comics Database

Batgirl (Barbara Gordon) at the Comic Book DB

Barbara Gordon (Post-Crisis) at the Comic Book DB

Oracle (Barbara Gordon) at the Comic Book DB

Barbara Gordon at the Internet Movie Database

Batgirl at the Internet Movie Database

Oracle at the Internet Movie Database

Canarynoir: Home of Birdwatching – Birds of Prey

TVObscurities.com – Batgirl Promotional Short

Barbara Gordon in The Batman

Yvonne Craig as Batgirl in a Public Service Announcement for the U.S. Department of Labor

v  d  e

Batman

Creators

Bob Kane  Bill Finger  Other creators

Supporting characters

Alfred Pennyworth  Commissioner James Gordon  Harvey Bullock  Lucius Fox  Renee Montoya  Talia al Ghul  Vicki Vale  Crispus Allen

Batman Family

Shared codenames

Robin  Batwoman  Batgirl  Nightwing  Huntress   Azrael  Red Robin

Individual characters

Ace the Bat-Hound  Bat-Mite  Helena Bertinelli  Stephanie Brown  Cassandra Cain  Catwoman  Tim Drake  Dick Grayson  Barbara Gordon  Betty Kane  Jason Todd  Damian Wayne  Helena Wayne

Batman Family enemies

Bane  Catwoman  Clayface  Harley Quinn  Joker  Killer Croc  Mad Hatter  Man-Bat  Mr. Freeze  Penguin  Poison Ivy  Ra’s al Ghul  Riddler  Scarecrow  Two-Face

Locations

Gotham City  Arkham Asylum  Batcave  Blackgate Penitentiary  Gotham City Police Department  Wayne Enterprises  Wayne Manor  Bldhaven

Equipment

Batarang  Batcomputer  Batsuit (Utility Belt)  Bat-Signal

Vehicles

Batboat  Batcopter  Batcycle  Batmobile  Batplane  Redbird

Miscellanea

Publications (Detective Comics  Batman)  Storylines

Alternate versions of Batman  Alternate versions of Robin  Alternate versions of Barbara Gordon

See also: Batman in other media  Robin in other media  Barbara Gordon in other media

v  d  e

19661968 Batman television series

Characters adapted

for the series

Alfred  The Archer  Batgirl / Barbara Gordon  Batman / Bruce Wayne  Catwoman  Clock King  Aunt Harriet Cooper  False-Face  Commissioner James Gordon  The Green Hornet  The Joker  Kato  The Mad Hatter  Mr. Freeze  The Penguin  The Puzzler  The Riddler  Robin / Dick Grayson

Characters created

for the series

Egghead  King Tut  Chief O’Hara

Vehicles & gadgetry

Batmobile  Batboat  Batcopter  Batcycle  Batsuit  Bat phone  Batcomputer

In story locations

Gotham City  Batcave  Wayne Manor  Londinium

Related topics

Shows

Legends of the Superheroes  The New Adventures of Batman  Return to the Batcave: The Misadventures of Adam and Burt  The Green Hornet

Films

Batman (1966 film)

Music

“Batman Theme”

Lists

Episodes (List)  List of Batman television series cast members

Other

Batusi

See also: Batman franchise media  Joker’s appearances in other media  Robin in other media  Barbara Gordon in other media

Categories: 1967 comics characters debuts | Characters created by Gardner Fox | DC Comics martial artists | DC Comics superheroes | Fictional adoptees | Fictional detectives | Fictional hackers | Fictional lawyers | Fictional librarians | Fictional professorsHidden categories: Character pop | Converting comics character infoboxes | Vague or ambiguous time

Originally posted 2011-04-04 19:09:02.

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